What’s FOB Shipping Point?

freight on board

They are also responsible for loading the cargo onto the ship. The responsibility transfers to the buyer as soon as the goods are loaded onto the nominated shipping vessel. The buyer takes responsibility for the remainder of the transport, including the delivery to the destination port.

  • These shipping costs will be an additional cost of the goods purchased.
  • The term’s usage has changed since then, and its definition varies from one country and jurisdiction to another.
  • If the sale occurred at the shipping point , then the buyer is expected to pay the cost of transporting the goods to their location and will therefore record this cost as Freight-In.
  • The term tells us that the sale will officially occur when it arrives at the buyer’s receiving dock.
  • Explain how inventory accounting affects the cost of goods sold.
  • Sold” after they’ve transferred title and responsibility to the buyer, this is an important distinction.

Free Carrier Agreement provides a similar split of responsibilities between buyers and sellers. In FCA, the buyer is also responsible for any charges that occur at the origin port, such as pre-carriage inspections. The risk transfer for DDP occurs when the goods are made available to the buyer at the final destination. DDP also requires sellers to transport goods to the final location and pay for any relevant import customs formalities. Previously, the Incoterms suggested that a ship’s rail serves as the point where the goods were loaded onto the vessel. However, under Incoterms 2020, the loading is fulfilled only when the goods are on board the ship and the cables are no longer holding the container.

Are rules different when operating under FOB destination?

Destination agreement, the seller retains ownership of the goods up until the point where the goods have reached their final destination. While the two terms are similar in both sound and meaning, there is a distinct difference between them. That distinction is important as it specifies who is liable for goods that have been lost or damaged during shipping.


To remove this confusion, it is now recommended that the fob shipping point’ use be stated explicitly together with the edition of the standard. For example, “FOB New York ” means that in this case, they are referring to the incoterms 2010 edition meaning of the term. For instance, if the buyer’s location is New Orleans, the terms will read “FOB New Orleans”.

Shipping/freight costs

The transfer of title is the element of revenue that determines who owns the goods and the applicable value. The buyer is responsible for insurance, unloading, marine freight transport cost, and transportation of the goods from the arrival port to their final destination. The seller pays for shipping, but isn’t responsible for insurance or freight. The risks transfer to the buyer only when the goods are delivered to a port of destination. This concept is particularly important inaccountingbecause we record sales when they are made. This sale was made when GM dropped the goods off on the loading dock because the title transferred.

What is a real life example of FOB destination?

Free on Board (FOB) Destination

Consequently, the seller legally owns the goods and is responsible for the goods during the shipping process. For example, assume Company XYZ in the United States buys computers from a supplier in China and signs a FOB destination agreement.

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